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Pau Casals

Pau Casals

Pau Casals was born in El Vendrell on the 29th December 1876. He showed his gift for music when he was very young. During his large career as cellist and composer he was admired and well-known all over the world...

In 1920 he founded in Barcelona the Orquestra Pau Casals and in 1926 the Associació Obrera de Concerts in order to approach music to everyone. Because of the Spanish Civil War (1936-39), he had to go into exile to Prada de Conflent, where he began a voluntary musical silence to denounce the repression of Franco and to demand the return of the liberty of his country. As he did not want to return into the stages, his musician friends organized the Festivals in Prada, which took place from 1950 to 1966. The most famous concertists of the world were assembled there. In 1957 he went to Puerto Rico and since then the Festival Casals is celebrated in this country.

One of the most important works was the music of the poem El pessebre (the crib). His masterly interpretation of the Catalan popular song El cant dels ocells (the singing of the birds) made this simple song a message of peace and brotherhood in the world. This message of peace was reinforced by his participation in the United Nations, where he vindicated his catalanity in front of the representants of the world. The US president Kennedy awarded him in 1971 the Medal of Liberty in order to thank him for his contribution to peace.

Pau Casals

Pau Casals died in Puerto Rico the 22nd of October of 1973. His mortal remains were sent to the graveyard of El Vendrell in 1979.

His link with El Vendrell was constant and strong, although the bad moments he had to live. When he was young, he placed the baroque organ of the church –his father was the organist– and thanks to his initiative the organ could be repaired in 1929. His interest for the popular culture, above all the “castells”, which he was fan of, and his contribution to the dressmaking of the Ball de Diables (dance of devils) of El Vendrell are well known.

Because of this, El Vendrell loves and admires the figure of Pau Casals. The town pays tribute to him showing the visitors the most important moments of his life and his work. This is all put together in his Casa nadiua (parents’ house) of El Vendrell and in the museum of the Vil·la Casals, the summer residence he ordered to build in the seaside quarter of Sant Salvador, where some objects and memories of his personal and musical life are put on show. It stands out the works of art like the sculptures of the cosy Mediterranean garden placed in front of the sea.

Pau Casals

In front of the Vil·la Casals there is the Auditori Pau Casals, built to accomplish one of his essential wills: to approach music and culture to everybody. The building is made by the architect Jordi Bonet and it is placed in the room of the J. S. Bach square.

In the hall some exhibitions are organized, and in the audition hall there is music all year. The Festival Internacional de Música Pau Casals, which brings together every summer the best interpreters of the world and which gives a lot of importance to the cello, is the most prestigious festival of the musical and pedagogical programme of the Auditori. It holds not only classical music but popular music, jazz and other kind of music, like Pau Casals wanted it to be.

Casa nadiua de Pau Casals 3,20 €2,20 €1,00 €
Vendrell residents, children under 8 years, teachers, unemployed

Turisme del Vendrell
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Coords: N 41º 10. 952' E 001º 31. 319'

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